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Celebrities with Psychological Disorders

The objective of the General Psychology 211H Project 2 Assignment is "To demonstrate an understanding of common psychological disorders, you are to research the symptoms, causes and treatments of a specific disorder. In addition, you will analyze a case study of a person diagnosed with the disorder and identify behavioral examples of the major symptoms."

There is more to the assignment, but from a librarian's perspective, there are TWO PARTS where the library can help with this assignment.

PART ONE is where you need to identify someone famous who has a psychological disorder. With so many people trying to protect their privacy, this part of the assignment may not be easy. However, we list some resources that can help identify celebrities with common psychological disorders.

PART TWO requires you to find information from CREDIBLE RESEARCH SOURCES:

    1. Rates of occurrence
    2. Differences in rates of occurrence broken down by gender, race, socioeconomic group and age
    3. Possible causes of the disorder

 

Definitely, there are specific resources that you will need to use to complete this part of the assignment. We mention these resources much farther down this web page, under PART TWO: Scholarly Resources.

 

PART ONE:
Identifying Celebrities with Psychological Disorders



The assignment calls for you to "analyze a case study  of a person diagnosed with the disorder and identify behavioral examples of the major symptoms." Traditionally, there are scientific, medical "case studies." However, for this part of the assignment, the instructor just wants you to find "biographical information about a patient diagnosed with the disorder. This person can be a current figure in the news (criminal, entertainer, or political figure, for example) a historical figure or a patient who was described in a medical case study." The information that you find on the person MUST describe examples of the person's behavior that illustrate the symptoms of the mental disorder. You need to "attach the biographical information to your paper."

This is where the following resources can be helpful. You need to find a book OR journal article OR magazine article OR newspaper article that mentions the specific struggles that a celebrity had with his or her psychological disorder. We will use Howard Hughes as an example for this research guide. The psychological symptoms of OCD are well-documented in a number of credible sources about Howard Hughes. The information about Howard Hughes' OCD struggles does NOT have to be a traditional case study out of a scholarly journal publication. Information about his symptoms can come out of a biographical book about Howard Hughes. HOWEVER, the other part of this assignment is to find information about the actual psychological disorder of obsessive-compulsive disorder. NOW THAT information DOES have to come from SCHOLARLY RESOURCES such as a peer-reviewed journal.

Here are some links that may help you identify a famous person with a psychological disorder.

 

LOCATING INFORMATION IN BOOKS

Use ValCat online catalog, to locate reference and circulating books found in the Delta College Library or area Public Libraries.  Specific books within the Delta Library that may help are:

    • A brilliant madness: living with manic-depressive illness.
      RC 516 .D85 1993. Biography of Patty Duke.
    • Creativity and madness: new findings and old stereotypes.
      BF 408 .R682 1994
    • Divine madness: ten stories of creative struggle.
      RC 465 .K68 2006. The ten stories are about Sylvia Plath, Judy Garland, Mark Rothko, Ernest Hemingway, Virginia Woolf, Charles Mingus, Vaslav Nijinsky, Marilyn Monroe, Lenny Bruce, and Brian Wilson.
    • Genius and the mind: studies of creativity and temperament.
      BF 412 .G435 1998. This book covers a few celebrities such as Lord Byron and Mozart. Look at the index.
    • Howard Hughes: his life and madness. CT 275 .H6678 B37.
    • Manic depression and creativity. BF 423 .H474 1998. Among the people covered in this book are Beethoven, Dickens, Newton, and Van Gogh.
    • The Price of greatness: resolving the creativity and madness controversy. BF 423 .L83 1995.
    • Touched with fire: manic-depressive illness and the artistic temperament. RC 516 .J36 1994. Use the index and the various lists in the back of the book.
    • Understanding creativity. BF 408 .P87 2004. Take a look at the table of contents and the index. Pages 196 and 197 will provide a chart of poets and writers with depression or manic depression. Some chapters, such as chapter seven, will mention psychopathology of celebrities.

FirstSearch:   WorldCat is an online catalog that lists the holdings of thousands of libraries throughout the U.S.  If you find an item on WorldCat, Delta College Library can try to interlibrary loan the item.  Usually, this resource is used for locating books. There is no cost for this service.

 

LOCATING INFORMATION IN PERIODICALS (Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers)

InfoTrac is available from the Delta Library website (Journals and Magazines), either on campus or remotely. For OFF-Campus access, use your Delta username and password.  Use either Expanded Academic, General Reference Center Gold, or Health Reference Center Academic.

 
EBSCO: Social Sciences Full Text (includes a lot of psychology articles) available from the Delta Library website (Journals and Magazines), either on campus or remotely. For OFF-Campus access, use your Delta username and password.

    • TIP: For your convenience, you may want to find only articles that are full-text. Social Sciences Full Text will do this for you. When you are on the search screen, click within the little white box next to "full-text."
    • TIP: Social Sciences Full Text contains a lot of social and psychological articles so you may want to just type in the name of your celebrity and see what is in this database/index on your subject. Another search strategy is to just type the term  celebrities   as a subject search and then browse through the list.

 

EBSCO: OmniFile Full Text Select available from the Delta Library website (Journals and Magazines), either on campus or remotely. For OFF-Campus access, use your Delta username and password.

    • TIP: Almost every article within OmniFile Full Text Select is full-text. You may want to just type in the name of your celebrity in the search box and then browse the list.

 

EBSCO: Readers' Guide Full Text available from the Delta Library website (Journals and Magazines), either on campus or remotely. For OFF-Campus access, use your Delta username and password. Readers' Guide is a source for magazine articles.

    • TIP: For your convenience, you may want to find only articles that are full-text. Readers' Guide Full Text will do this for you. When you are on the search screen, click within the little white box next to "full-text."
    • TIP: You may want to just type in the name of your celebrity in the search box and then browse the list.

 

InfoTrac: InfoTrac Newsstand available from the Delta Library website (Journals and Magazines), either on campus or remotely. For OFF-Campus access, use your Delta username and password. Newsstand is a good source for newspaper articles.

    • TIP: InfoTrac Newsstand has a tendency to retrieve A LOT of full-text newspaper articles per topic. You may want to use more than just a name in your search strategy in order to help provide more relative information, such as "Howard Hughes and mental."

 

Here are some examples of magazine and journal articles that you can find by using the databases/indexes listed above:

   

Bostic, J.Q. and Pataki, C. (2000, December). All the world's a stage. Journal of the 
      American of Child and
Adolescent Psychiatry. 39, 1565-7. Retrieved November 21,
      2005 from Social Sciences Full Text database.

Buchwald, A. (1999, Nov./Dec.1999). Celebrity meltdown: public figures' struggles with
     mental illness. Psychology  Today, 32, 42-49. Retrieved November 28, 2005 from
     Social Sciences Full Text database.  This article will list quite a few celebrities that
     have mental disorders.

Fowler, R.D. (1986). Howard Hughes: a psychological autopsy. Psychology Today, 20,
     22-25.   PLEASE note that this particular article is on microfilm.

 

PART TWO: 
Scholarly Resources For Finding Occurrence, Causes, and More

 

You are required to find specific information from CREDIBLE RESEARCH SOURCES. You need to find:

    1. Rates of occurrence
    2. Differences in rates of occurrence broken down by gender, race, socioeconomic group and age
    3. Possible causes of the disorder

 

Government Studies

Your instructor will allow you to use credible sources from the government and from credible organizations such as Centers for Disease Control, National Institute of Mental Health, American Psychological Association, and Association for Psychological Science.  Each credible website will offer a search box for searching each website. Many of these websites offer credible sources of information about a variety of psychological disorders.   

National Institute of Mental Health. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Among Adults. Retrieved April 3, 2013

 

from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/statistics/1ocd_adult.shtml

Two graphs provide statistics on the prevalence and some demographics of obsessive compulsive disorder among adults.

 

National Institute of Mental Health. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Retrieved April 4, 2013 from

 

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/obsessive-compulsive-disorder.shtml

This web page created by the National Institute of Mental Health provides a brief overview of obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is tough finding statistics on OCD but this web page says that "OCD affects about 2.2 million American adults, and the problem can be accompanied by eating disorders, other anxiety disorders, or depression. It strikes men and women in roughly equal numbers and usually appears in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood. One-third of adults with OCD develop symptoms as children, and research indicates that OCD might run in families."



Finding Scholarly Journal Articles

Scholarly research studies can be a GREAT source for finding credible information about symptoms, causes, treatments, and occurrence of a variety of disorders. Following are a few databases that will lead you to peer-reviewed journal articles that can help you complete this assignment. PLEASE NOTE that NOT everything within these periodical databases are full-text. There are many articles within these databases that are the entire article, but NOT every article citation listed within these databases are the entire full-text. Some articles may need to be interlibrary loaned from another library, for free. However, it takes one to two weeks in order to obtain articles from another library.

PubMed is a free service of the National Library of Medicine, that provides access to over 11 million MEDLINE citations back to the mid-1960's and additional life science journals. PubMed can provide quite a few links to entire credible peer-reviewed articles.  Programming PubMed to find full-text articles can be tricky so a tutorial on how to use PubMed, as well as some of the other databases, can be found at http://www.delta.edu/llic/libraryresearch/tutorials.aspx


EBSCO's Social Sciences Full Text and OmniFile Full-Text. EBSCO has a number of databases, but for this assignment, Social Sciences Full Text and maybe OminFile will be the most helpful. You can program both databases to retrieve full-text AND "Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals." A tutorial on how to use EBSCO databases can be found on our website at: http://www.delta.edu/llic/libraryresearch/tutorials.aspx

 

Books

Although the credible organizations and sources for scholarly journal articles listed above are the first places to start the search for information about psychological disorders, we will mention one reference book that provides credible information. Definition, treatment, and more information is presented throughout Chapter 25 Psychiatric Disorders within Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2013. Reference RC 71 .A14 2013.

Current medical diagnosis & treatment. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013.

Example: Howard Hughes

Howard Hughes: his life and madness. CT 275 .H6678 B37 is a book that provides information about his psychological disorders. There is no one chapter that is devoted to his mental illnesses. However, there are some good OCD examples spread throughout chapters 9 and 10. A quote on page 232 states "because he refused to touch doorknobs, when he wanted to leave the studio to go to the bathroom in the lobby, he walked to the door and kicked it, a signal for one of the aides in the projection booth to come out and open the door."  On page 233, there are a couple of very good examples of Hughes' OCD. "Each day Hughes painstakingly used Kleenex to wipe 'dust crossing the room' from his chair, ottoman, side table, and telephone. Sometimes he spent hours methodically cleaning the telephone, going over the earpiece, mouthpiece, base, and cord with Kleenex, repeating the cleaning procedure again and again, tossing the used tissues onto a pile behind his chair."

Periodicals

Fowler, R. D. (1986). Howard Hughes: a psychological autopsy. Psychology Today, 20, 22-32.

Psychology Today is considered more of a magazine than a scholarly journal, but this article provides a GREAT summary of mental illnesses that Howard Hughes suffered from, for most of his life. There are examples of OCD provided. Considering that Howard Huges is more of a historic figure than current one, there will not be many current periodical articles available. Books continue to be a good source of information about Howard Hughes. This May 1986 article is located on microfilm.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Scholarly Journal Articles

Walitza, S., Melfsen, S., Jans, T., Zellmann, H., Wewetzer, C., & Warnke, A. (2011). Obsessive-compulsive

 

disorder in children and adolescents. Deutsches Arzteblatt International, 108(11): 173-9.

PubMed provides a link to the entire text of this scholarly, peer-reviewed, journal article at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3071953/ . This "review" article gives a great overview of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. Definition, comorbidities,etiology, psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, treatment, and more are provided.

 

Fenske, J. N. & Schwenk, T. L. (2009). Obsessive-compulsive disorder: diagnosis and management. 

 

American Family Physician, 80(3): 239-45.


This August 1, 2009 article is a little older, but still provides a very good overview of this disorder. "The lifetime prevalence of OCD is 1.6 percent. Symptoms usually begin during adolescence, and more than 50 percent of affected persons have symptom onset before their mid-20s." A long list of common obsessions and compulsions is provided. Other topics include comorbidities, psychological treatments, pharmacotherapy, as well as complementary and alternative medicine. PubMed provides a link to the entire text of this scholarly, peer-reviewed, journal article at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p239.html

Murphy, D. L., Timpano, K. R., Wheaton, M. G., Greenberg, B. D., & Miguel, E. C. (2010). Obsessive- 

 

compulsive disorder and its related disorders: a reappraisal of obsessive-compulsive spectrum

 

disorders. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 12(2): 131-48.

This is a VERY scholarly-written journal article, but there are some parts that are easier to read than other parts. "Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs worldwide, with common features across diverse ethnic groups and cultures. It affects approximately 2% of the population and is associated with substantial social, personal, and work impairment. In fact, the World Health Organization identified OCD among the top 20 causes of years of life lived with disability for 15-to 44-year-olds."

 

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